To the most common way to describe the conditions of the activities of a group, its internal situation often use the concept of "socio-psychological climate", "morale", "psychological climate" xanax pills, "emotional climate". With regard to the labor staff sometimes speak of "production" or "organizational" climate. In most cases, these concepts consume approximately identical sense that does not exclude a significant variation in the specific definitions. In Soviet literature there are dozens of definitions of socio-psychological climate, and different research approaches to this problem.
Socio-psychological climate of the group is a group mental state due to the peculiarities of life of this group. This is a unique fusion of emotional and intellectual - plants relationships, moods, feelings, opinions, members of the group, all of the individual elements of the socio-psychological climate. State of mind characterized by varying degrees of group consciousness. It is necessary to clearly distinguish between the elements of the socio-psychological climate and the factors influencing it. For example, features of the organization of work in any workplace are not elements of the socio-psychological climate, although the influence of work organization on the formation of a climate no doubt. Socio-psychological climate - it is always a reflection of the subjective education, unlike reflected - the objective of life of this group and the conditions under which it occurs. Reflecting and reflected in public life are closely interrelated. The close relationship between socio-psychological climate groups and the behavior of its members should not lead to their identification, although it can not be ignored features of this relationship. Thus, the nature of the relationship in the group (represented by) acts as a factor influencing the climate. At the same time, the perception of the relationship of its members (reflected) is a climate element.
Turning to the problems of socio-psychological climate in the group one of the most important is to examine the factors that affect the climate. The factors affecting the climate of the group can try to influence these factors to regulate their expression. Consider the problem of socio-psychological climate in the working example, the primary group - teams, managers, office, lab. We are talking about basic organizational cells that do not have any formal structural units. Their number can vary from 3-4 up to 60 people or more. This - "cell" of each enterprise and institution. Socio-psychological climate of such a cell is formed by a variety of different influences. We divide them conditionally on the macro and micro environment factors.
Under Macromedia it refers to a large social space, the surroundings, within which is located and performs its vital functions of this or that organization. First of all, this includes the cardinal features of the socio-economic structure of the country, and more specifically - the specifics of this stage of its development that appropriately manifested in the activities of various social institutions. The degree of democratization of the society, especially the state regulation of the economy, the unemployment rate in the region, the probability of bankruptcy - these and other macro factors have a definite influence on all aspects of the organization of life. It also applies the macro level of development of material and spiritual production and the culture of society as a whole. Macromedia and is characterized by a certain social consciousness that reflects this social being in all its contradictions. Thus, the members of each of the social groups and organizations are members of his age, of a particular historical period in the development of society. Ministries and agencies, corporations, joint stock companies, in which part of the enterprise or institution, carried out in relation to the latter certain administrative impact, which is also an important factor in the impact of the macro socio-psychological climate of the organization and all of its constituent groups. As the macro factors significant influencing climate of the organization, it should be noted its multiple partnerships with other organizations and with the consumers of their products. Consumer influence on the climate of the organization to grow in a market economy. Microenvironment of the enterprise, institution - a "field" of people's daily activities, the specific material and spiritual conditions in which they work. At this level, the impact of macro-gain certainty for each group of touch with reality of practical life.
Terms of activities of daily living form attitude and mentality of the primary working group, its socio-psychological climate. First of all, these are the factors of the material and the proprietary environment: the nature of the operations carried out by the labor people, the condition of the equipment, the quality of workpieces or feedstock. Are also important features of the organization of work - shifts, the rhythm, the degree of interchangeability of workers, the level of operational and economic independence of the primary group (eg team). A substantial part of sanitary and hygienic working conditions, such as temperature, humidity, light, noise, vibration. It is known that the rational organization of the work process, taking into account possibilities of the human body, providing good working conditions and recreation of people affected by a positive way on the mental state of each employee and the group as a whole. Conversely, certain equipment failure, imperfection of technology, organizational turmoil, unevenness of labor, lack of fresh air, excessive noise, abnormal temperature in the room, and other factors of the material and the proprietary environment adversely affect the climate of the group. Therefore, the first direction of improving the socio-psychological climate is to optimize the combination of factors described above. This problem should be solved on the basis of development of specialists in occupational health and physiology, ergonomics and engineering psychology.
Another, no less important group of microenvironmental factors make impact, representing the group phenomena and processes at the level of primary work group. These factors deserve close attention in connection with the fact that they are a consequence of the socio-psychological reflection of human microenvironment. For brevity, we call these factors are social and psychological. Let's start with such factors as the nature of formal organizational links between the members of the primary working group. These bonds are secured in the formal structure of the unit. The differences between the types of such a structure can be shown based on the selected Umansky following "joint venture model."
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