Social phobia - it is mental disorder, phobia before finding in society, faced with the need to act, to speak among the people and interact with them getting over social anxiety.
Social phobia are afraid to do anything, during which they may be embarrassed, worried, sweating, because they think: other people look at them and are condemned. People with social phobia are afraid that they will shake hands in front of others, vote, or they will turn red. Social phobia avoid the so-called socially relevant situations. In such situations, it starts very afraid, perhaps even panic attack about which we wrote earlier in detail. This phobia leads to strong emotional stress in some cases. Fear prevents people to live normally, to be among people, build relationships, and so on. D.
Studies say that in all the world countries as a whole 12% of people are diagnosed with social phobia. The percentage of patients men and women is roughly equal. The causes of this disorder are studied for a long time. Most researchers adhere to cognitive-behavioral model of social phobia. Accordingly, based on this approach and therapy is developed, which will be described in more detail below.
Generalized social phobia is almost always manifested at an early age is considered to be an average age of 10.5 years, according to a study in 1995 Manuzza et al. The average age for developing specific social phobia: 16.9 years. I hypothesize that social phobia zapoluchayut those who had a negative experience speaking in public. But today confirm this was not found in the studies.
Suschestvet opinion that social phobia develops because of innate personality traits associate fear the easiest way with the evil, rejecting or critical expression of another person or entity with a direct gaze eye-to-eye, especially if the person is directed in this case to the other side. Öst & Lundh studies confirm this hypothesis put forward. This means that a person has a congenital or very early formed to evaluate the ability of the people around them like those who are critical and hostile, leading to the development of social phobia.
Hereditary factors play a role in the development of this disorder. Risk to get this diagnosis three times higher for those who have relatives among the closest social phobia. One of the first harbingers of the disorder in question is shyness. It is transmitted by genes and develops further as a result of "the suppression of the behavior" of the child.
Social phobia are not only afraid of negative evaluation by others, but also fear that they will consider awkward, ridiculous, unprofessional. Because they avoid these situations (or, if they were trying to get out urgently) as communication with any people, parties in the club, going to the library, and so forth. Sorts of ways to try to prevent social phobia in the field of view of others and active in society.
People with social phobia are often concerned about the intrusive thoughts about their actions in public (with the possibility of negative evaluation by others). Even something as fun as a shopping or going to the ballet for them turns into torture. They are waiting every minute when the event is over, and they will be able to withdraw from the field of view of other people. After a visit to the supermarket of social phobia may many minutes or even hours to reflect who and how could negatively thinking about them.
Social phobia are prone to misinterpretation insignificant events. For example, on a date partner asked for a minute to leave. A person with social phobia begins to believe that his partner is negatively assesses, bored, annoyed that he did not enjoy being in the company of this person, and so on. D.
Social phobia in its manifestations reminiscent of obsessive-compulsive disorder. These two disorders are irrational fear of specific situations of concern, and an attempt to avoid these situations. Recent studies claim that around eleven percent of people diagnosed with OCD also have social phobia. As OCD and social phobia according to DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association development) are ranked in the group of anxiety disorders. The above mentioned disorders are characterized by including a cyclical process, which only reinforces the specific symptoms.
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