Mastitis - inflammation in the breast tissue. Exhibit strong arching chest pain, swelling, induration, redness of skin cancer, a sharp rise in body temperature, chills. Mastitis is diagnosed by visual inspection mammologist additionally possible to carry out breast ultrasound. The disease can lead to the formation of an abscess, abscess, cellulitis, necrosis in the breast, sepsis and even death. In the case of microbial contamination lactation milk you will have to stop. In the late period of breast deformity can occur, increases the risk of mastitis and breast cancer tamoxifen ovarian cancer.
Mastitis - inflammation of the mammary tissue. Mastitis is the result of infection by bacteria breast. Manifested by swelling of the prostate, increase in the amount of pain and hypersensitivity, skin redness and fever.
The incidence of mastitis among lactating women ranges from 1% to 16% depending on the region. On average, the figure is 5% of lactating women, and to reduce the incidence of measures over the past years, yet ineffective. The vast majority (85%) of women who get mastitis - nulliparous (or for the first time engaged in breastfeeding). This is due to a higher incidence of milk stagnation due to mismanagement by decanting. Women over thirty who do not breastfeed for the first time, ill with mastitis, usually as a result of the lowered protective properties of the body in relation to that or other concomitant chronic disease. In such cases, the symptoms of mastitis is accompanied by clinical symptoms of the underlying disease.
The most common mastitis caused by staphylococcal infection. But in women existing bacterial flora source (respiratory infections, mouth, urinary tract, genitals) Mastitis can be caused to it. Sometimes a breast becomes infected with E. coli. The bacteria enter the breast through the blood and the milk ducts.
The most common mastitis develops as a result of prolonged pathological lactostasis (stagnation of milk in the gland). Prolonged absence of the outflow of milk from a breast area there is formed a favorable environment for bacterial growth, developing an infection triggers an inflammatory reaction, fever, suppuration.
Mastitis is distinguished by the nature of the existing inflammation: serous, infiltrative, suppurative, abscessed, gangrenous mastitis and abscess.
Serous, infiltrative and purulent mastitis are the successive stages of the inflammatory process in the tissue of the gland formation of the swollen portion of serous inflammation, prior to the formation and development of purulent infiltration process. When mastitis abscess festering hotbed of localized and limited, phlegmonous mastitis is characterized by the proliferation of purulent inflammation of the prostate tissue. Prolonged or weakened within the protective forces of the organism inflamed prostate tissue necrotizing (gangrenous mastitis).
There are clinical types of mastitis: the most common - acute postpartum mastitis, plasma cell mastitis and mastitis newborn.
Acute puerperal mastitis - is often a complication of inflammatory lactostasis in nursing mothers. Sometimes it develops without preceding signs of stagnation expressed milk. Sickly appearance manifested seal in the breast, skin reddening and temperature increase in the sealing area, fever and general symptoms of intoxication. With the progression of pain increases, the breast increases, it becomes hot to the touch. Feeding and pumping sharply painful, it can be detected in the milk of blood and pus. Purulent mastitis often progresses with the development of breast abscess.
Plasma cell mastitis is a rare disease, often develops in older women giving birth after the cessation of lactation. It is characterized by infiltration of plasma cells under the nipple tissue and epithelial hyperplasia excretory ducts. This is not mastitis and abscesses has some common external features of breast cancer.
Mastitis newborn - is often a condition in children of both sexes, manifested by swelling of the breast, discharge with pressure on them (as a rule, it is the result of residual sex hormones mother). With the development of acute purulent inflammation and the formation of an abscess produce surgical sanitation of purulent focus, but most often symptoms subside within three to four days.
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