Hyperexcitability syndrome in children - a syndrome in infants, characterized by different somatovegetativnymi disorders and increased neuro-reflex excitability. Hyperexcitability syndrome in children manifest restlessness, tremor of the chin and legs, wanton cry, sleep disorders, increased muscle tone, frequent and abundant regurgitation and so on. d adderall addiction. To identify the organic basis of hyperexcitability syndrome children held neurosonography, duplex scanning of vessels of the brain, EEG, electroneuromyographic, ultrasound or X-ray of the cervical spine. Treatment of the syndrome of hyperexcitability in children carried out a pediatric neurologist and may include drug therapy, massage, hydrotherapy.
Hyperexcitability syndrome in children (increased neuro-reflex excitability syndrome) - a set of pathological manifestations, developing in children with mild perinatal lesions of the nervous system. In young children hyperexcitability syndrome is diagnosed in 42-44% of cases. In domestic and foreign child neurology has developed a different attitude to the syndrome of hyperexcitability in children. Thus, domestic neuroscientists consider this state only as a pathological syndrome, while their foreign counterparts tend to think it likely the state border does not always require active compensation. However, the available observations for negative syndrome of hyperexcitability of the child and the lack of timely treatment may be a risk factor for persistent neurotic disorders.
Hyperexcitability syndrome may be the result of perinatal pathology of the central nervous system (hypoxic, traumatic, infectious, toxic-metabolic) or other diseases in young children.
The most common cause of hyperexcitability syndrome in children lies in the unfavorable course of pregnancy and birth injuries of the newborn, leading to fetal hypoxia and CNS. This may contribute to toxaemia of pregnancy, fetoplacental insufficiency, infectious diseases of the future mother, premature birth, prolonged pregnancy, prolonged or rapid delivery, narrow pelvis mother and others. The unfortunate way for the development of the fetal nervous system affects the uncontrolled intake future mother drugs, smoking, alcohol consumption causing fetal alcohol syndrome. Therefore, children with the syndrome of hyperexcitability often have a clinical diagnosis of "perinatal encephalopathy".
The appearance of transient hyperexcitability in children may be associated with impaired adaptation reaction due to stress, childhood diseases (intestinal colic, teething, spazmofiliey and rickets, hernia, goiter, etc.). Finally, to hyperexcitability tend to children with special temperament (choleric type response). hyperexcitability syndrome is typical for children with neuro-arthritic diathesis.
Manifestations of hyperexcitability syndrome usually develop during the first months of life. The main symptoms of hyperexcitability syndrome in children include somatovegetativnye disorders, increased excitability of the neuro-psychic exhaustion and at the same time.
In children with the syndrome of hyperexcitability noted amplified spontaneous motor activity, sleep disturbance (lengthening the period of wakefulness, sleep difficulties, trouble sleeping, tremors in a dream). Despite the good care and enough food, children are restless, and often cry for no reason. During crying, the child develops vegetative reactions: akrotsianoz, marbling, or redness of the skin, tachypnea, tachycardia, increased sweating. Children with the syndrome of hyperexcitability take bad chest, often interrupted during feeding, are prone to profuse regurgitation, digestive disorders (alternating diarrhea and constipation), poor gain weight.
Characteristic signs of hyperexcitability syndrome in children are variable muscle tone, tremor, chin and arms, clonuses stop excitement innate unconditioned reflexes (Moro reflex, spontaneous), horizontal nystagmus. Various external stimuli cause children rapid development of motor, sensory and emotional reactions that are just as quickly fade, indicating increased mental exhaustion.
Premature babies hyperexcitability syndrome is usually a reflection of the decrease in seizure threshold, so these kids can easily develop seizures (with hyperthermia, excessive action of stimuli, and so on. N.).
In the case of a favorable course of the severity of the manifestations of the syndrome of hyperexcitability in children is usually reduced to 4-6 months and disappears up to 1 year. Otherwise, as a child's development can be found structurally unstable lag in psychomotor and speech development, hyperactivity, enuresis, encopresis, stuttering, tics, parasomnias, anxiety disorders, epilepsy.
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